Dr. Mark Gostine, Author at BabyQ - Page 2 of 10

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3 Things You Should Do When You Learn You Are Pregnant

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What is the First Thing to do When You Find Out You Are Pregnant? You have to begin thinking about how to prepare your body so that your baby can properly grow and develop. If aren’t eating a healthy diet, now is the time to start. Here are some important pregnancy facts about your diet: Make sure you have a varied diet so that you will be able to give your baby all of the nutrients he or she needs to develop. Consume a minimum of three servings daily of foods rich in iron, like red meat. Pregnant women need 100 mg of vitamin C daily, so be sure to include orange or grapefruit juice, broccoli, cauliflower, green peppers and Brussel sprouts in your diet. Getting a minimum of 0.4 milligrams of folic acid daily will help prevent birth defects, so eat plenty of green leafy vegetables and legumes, like…

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Fluid Retention

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Fluid retention typically comes late in pregnancy.  It is the way your body prepares for delivery.  A lot of fluid will leave your body at the time of delivery between the amniotic fluid, and the placenta separating from your uterus.  The body stores extra fluid in preparation for this.  After you deliver, your body gets rid of the fluid and you will experience frequent urination at that time.  It’s important to stay hydrated during pregnancy.  Drink extra water between meals, have a glass of milk with every meal.  Fluid retention may make you feel sluggish and you’ll notice that your ankles will swell.  This swelling will go down at night when your feet are up while you’re sleeping.  This leads to frequent night time urination.

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I’m Always Tired. What Can I Do to Decrease My Fatigue During Pregnancy?

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It’s not uncommon for pregnant mothers to feel tired during pregnancy. But no one ever wants to be tired all the time, which is why I regularly get the question of “What can I do to decrease my fatigue?” My answer is always, focus on good sleep, 40 minutes of exercise 4 to 5 days a week, leave the bedroom only for sleep and sex, and create a consistent routine (warm bath, mint tea for example). When Does Fatigue During Pregnancy Occur? You can suffer from fatigue throughout your entire pregnancy; but the majority of women experience fatigued during the first and third trimesters. Causes of fatigue during your first trimester include: A sharp increase in progesterone level, which makes bodily functions like metabolism and digestion slow down, increasing the feeling of tiredness Continued sleep interruptions because of an increased need to urinate Lack of nutrition and dehydration resulting from…

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Darkened Areola

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One of the changes to your skin during pregnancy is that the tissue around your nipple, called the areola, will darken.  This is absolutely secondary to the hormonal and metabolic changes that occur during pregnancy.  While the areola lightens up after pregnancy, they never go back to the color they were before you became pregnant.

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Juices that reduce inflammation

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A babyQ mom recently wrote: I am 15 weeks pregnant. Is it safe to drink the Nopalea cactus juice drink to reduce inflammation? This is an important question because recent scientific literature shows a link between reducing inflammation and a healthier pregnancy. Looking into the Nopalea Cactus Juice on the company website the company provides scientific literature that supports their claims of reducing inflammation. However, almost all fruits, fruit juices, and vegetables reduce inflammation. Plus it is usually less expensive to buy seasonal fruits on sale. Right now citrus fruits like oranges and grapefruits are in season from Florida and California, so orange juice and grapefruit juice are inexpensive compared to berries and apples and I suspect cactus juice. The citrus is fresh and loaded with antioxidants that reduce inflammation. So that is a good food choice. The citrus season in the United Sates is November through March. Pure grape…

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Exercise During Pregnancy

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How much you need to exercise during pregnancy depends on many factors, including: Your pre-pregnancy weight The amount of time you are on your feet during the day If you have diabetes or develop gestational diabetes Your age Your gestational age Let’s examine each factor. If you are near ideal weight at the time you become pregnant exercise will be less of an issue. If you are overweight exercise can reduce excessive weight gain. Too much weight gain can increase your risk of gestational diabetes. This can actually program the child in your womb for diabetes as an adult or adolescent. However, too much exercise is not good either. Studies have shown that if you are on your feet during pregnancy more than 5 hours a day, you do not need additional exercise. You can actually overdo it and deliver less nutrition to your baby. Keep that in mind so…

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Breast Changes – Enlargement, Tenderness and Sensitivity

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Breast changes are virtually universal during pregnancy.  These include, breast enlargement, increased heaviness, tenderness and sensitivity.  These prepare you for breast feeding.  Studies suggest breast feeding your baby for six months after delivery will reduce your risk of breast cancer.  Following pregnancy and breastfeeding, your breasts will change once more as they return to a resting phase when breast milk is no longer being produced.

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What are the Benefits and Challenges of Home Birth?

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Why Do Women Choose to Have Home Births? Home births offer healthy women with uncomplicated pregnancies the chance to deliver their babies in a peaceful, familiar setting. You are attended by a midwife or a doctor, but you are free to move around, to have control over who is present, and to enjoy the comfort of your own home. You and your newborn will also be free of the risks inherent in a hospital setting, such as infectious organisms and treatment errors. For these reasons, the percentage of women who choose home births is rising rapidly. Are Home Births Safe? The statistics say that home births are safe for women who are carefully screened. A 2013 British Medical Journal study of over 146,000 low-risk births found that women who had their babies at home suffered fewer complications than low-risk women who gave birth in hospitals. One important aspect of this research to…

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Hair Growth Changes

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Hormone changes during pregnancy can affect your hair.  It can also affect your developing baby’s hair.  Folklore has it that women who have lots of heartburn during pregnancy have babies with increased hair at birth. Indeed, this seems to be true.  The hormones that cause your esophagus to relax also cause heartburn.  These same hormones increase hair growth in your baby.  Your hair typically grows quicker during your pregnancy.  That’s because hormones influence the growth phase of your hair follicles, leading to increased hair growth.  After pregnancy, your hair growth will revert to normal and you may lose a little bit of hair as the hair follicles go back to a resting phase.  Breast feeding also seems to make your hair grow quicker.

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Shortness of Breath

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Shortness of breath is not uncommon during pregnancy.  While walking up a flight of stair you suddenly feel like you ascended 10 flights instead of just one.  There are multiple reasons for this.   First, you will put on a significant amount of weight during your pregnancy, perhaps as much as 30-40 lbs.  Secondly, you become anemic.  Third, your legs may retain a lot of fluid.  This combination of anemia, extra weight and swollen legs makes it difficult just to move around.  You will find yourself panting doing what before had been a very easy task. Some things you can do to prevent shortness of breath are to stay in reasonable shape, exercise on a regular basis by walking 30 to 40 minutes a day. In your third trimester slow down and shorten your pace. Take your prenatal vitamins, as the iron will help prevent you from getting extremely anemic. …

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