Dr. Mark Gostine, Author at BabyQ

What to expect in your 3rd trimester.

3 Things to Know During Your Last Trimester of Pregnancy

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What Are Some of the Physical and Emotional Changes a Mother Experiences in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy? You will probably be feeling a lot more tired as the changes in your body drain your energy and you have difficulty sleeping at night. By now, your body has become big enough to make it difficult for you to sit up and get up without help. You are also probably experiencing severe back aches, swollen feet, and problems maintaining your balance; and when you look in the mirror, you see someone whose looks are quite different from before you were pregnant. Since these symptoms will be with you during your third trimester, you shouldn’t spend time complaining about them. Instead, embrace these physical changes as a sign of the new life you are about to begin and enjoy and take pleasure in your fertility. Along with the physical changes, you may…

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5 Pregnancy Facts That Are Just Weird

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Is it True That During Pregnancy, There Are Some Unusual Changes To The Mother’s Body? The answer to that question is “yes.” During pregnancy, the mother’s body experiences unusual alterations as a result of the shift in hormone levels. There are some weird pregnancy facts about a few of these changes you may not know. Is the Brain Affected by Pregnancy? Yes. There is a condition called “pregnancy brain” that causes pregnant women to become increasingly more forgetful as they enter the second and third trimesters. In 2010, a group of English researchers conducted a study to test pregnant women’s spatial memory, which is the ability to remember where objects are located, for example where you left your glasses when you took them off. There were 23 pregnant women and 24 non-pregnant women who participated in the study. The researchers found that during the second and third trimesters, the pregnant…

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Anxiety

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Anxiety can be increased by the changes in hormones that effect your emotions.  It can also be influenced by your social circumstances.  Women with less social and partner support, tend to be more anxious about the future.  About 5% of women report anxiety during the pregnancy. The best ways to cope are exercise, talking with friends and loved ones, making sure you get restful sleep every night. Healthy diet also keeps you on an even keel.  Make sure you take adequate Vitamin D; we recommend 2,000 units a day during pregnancy.  DHA, a fatty acid in fish oil will help you stay calm and nourish your baby’s developing brain. Most prenatal vitamins now contain DHA.  If yours does not, look for one that does or take a high quality fish oil pill that states it has been molecularly distilled to remove impurities.

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What Are Skin Tags?

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Your hormones, estrogen and progesterone, increase greatly during pregnancy.  These hormones help the baby grow and help your body change in ways that will nourish the baby and prepare for delivery. Progesterone and estrogen are in effect, growth hormones.  Other things will grow, your breasts, your abdomen, your hair, but unfortunately if you have a small skin tag it will also then grow as well and become a medium size skin tag.  This is because of your skyrocketing levels of progesterone.  You can have skin tags surgically removed at a dermatology office if you like, but most of them will shrink in size after the delivery, so that is probably not necessary.  If they are getting caught underneath a bra strap and making you uncomfortable, consider having it removed.  Short of that, wait until delivery and let it shrink on its own.

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Frequent Urination

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During delivery, your body will lose a lot of fluid.  This fluid is represented by your amniotic fluid and the placenta.  In preparation for this, you naturally hold on to more fluids.  Some of this is stored in your legs and when you lay down at night that fluid leaves the legs and comes back to your blood where it is processed by your kidneys.  This causes frequent urination at night.  You will also have increased thirst during the day.  Again, this is a way for your body to prepare for delivery.  Since you are thirsty and drink more water, you will typically urinate more.   Lastly, during the last trimester, the pregnant uterus is pressing on your bladder making it smaller so it holds less urine.  Fortunately, frequent urination resolves quickly, usually within a week after delivery.

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Restless Legs

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Restless legs seem to bother a small number of women during pregnancy.  It is the sensation of always having to move your legs.  While you are sitting you may feel compelled to cross them, at night while you are trying to sleep, you may find it difficult to position your legs comfortably.  You feel you must keep moving them.  Restless leg is linked to iron deficiency in pregnancy. It is very important that you take your prenatal vitamins to help reduce the risk.  Also the tendency for restless legs seems to be genetically determined.  That is, you are more likely to suffer from restless leg syndrome if your father or mother had it.  Fortunately, it almost always goes away after your baby is delivered.

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What Changes Should I Expect During My Second Pregnancy?

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Do Second Pregnancies Have Medical Differences? There are a few medical statistics about second pregnancies, and your doctor or midwife will talk with you about those. If you had certain complications such as pre-eclampsia in your first pregnancy, your doctor will be closely watching for those the second time around. However, if your first pregnancy was relatively uncomplicated, the risk of complications overall tends to be lower during a second pregnancy. Additionally, the risk of an early miscarriage falls significantly during second and subsequent pregnancies. If you had a C-section the first time, then you will be discussing with your doctor which type of delivery is advisable for the second birth. Will I Feel Different During My Second Pregnancy? Probably. Each pregnancy is unique, but the majority of women find that second pregnancies have the following characteristics: You may feel more tired. This is most likely due to the fact…

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Autism Prevention and babyQ

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Central to the idea of babyQ is that mothers have a great deal of control over which genes are turned on in their babies during pregnancy.  This concept of gene control is called epigenetics.  At babyQ we want to help pregnant moms turn on their child’s best genes.  Now in a scientific report we see evidence that this really works and may help autism prevention. Autism is spreading like wild fire in America.  While it was barely heard of back in the 70’s and 80’s, it is now estimated that autism or autism spectrum disorders like Asperger’s, affects 1 in 65 children born in the United States.  How did this happen?  Are genes involved?  How could so many mutations happen in 30 years to go from a rare disorder to one so common? In the March 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from the San Diego…

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Sleeplessness

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Pregnancy can occasionally be troubled by insomnia or sleeplessness.  The three most common causes are: Snoring, secondary to nasal congestion Restless Legs, usually associated with iron deficiency and anemia, and General discomfort Add anxiety and nervousness about having a child and it is not uncommon to have a sleepless night now and then. If you are having insomnia, first you need to try and identify the cause.  If you have nasal congestion and you are snoring try wearing some nasal strips before you go to bed.  Also, if you wear support hose during the day you will prevent fluid accumulation in your legs.  When you lay flat at night, the fluid in your legs, comes back into your blood vascular system and swells your nasal passage way.  If there is less fluid in your legs, because of the support hose, there will be less nasal congestion.  So consider support hose,…

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Do Babies Breathe in the Womb?

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Do Babies Breathe in the Womb? In the sense of inhaling and exhaling, no your baby does not breathe. In fact, his lungs are filled with fluid while in your tummy, so even if he wanted to breathe, he couldn’t. This is also why you should not be alarmed if your baby’s cord is wrapped around his neck at any point during your pregnancy. He does not get his air this way, and the cord will usually unwrap itself shortly. However, that doesn’t mean your baby doesn’t practice breathing. Later on in your pregnancy, you will feel your baby get hiccups, which is just him studiously working on his breathing for preparation of his impending arrival. Your baby’s first real breath is usually heard in the form of a cry at the time of delivery. How does my baby get the oxygen he needs to thrive? Even though your baby…

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