Dr. Mark Gostine, Author at BabyQ

Correlation between flu vaccines and increases in miscarriage

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Question: Has babyQ reviewed any of the information reported by V.A.E.R.S. about any correlation between the flu vaccine that contains H1N1 and increases in miscarriage? Is there validity to this? Answer: Here is the summary statement from the Journal of Human and Experimental Toxicology dated  September 27, 2012: The unadjusted fetal-loss report rates for the three consecutive influenza seasons beginning 2008/2009 were 6.8 (95% CI: 0.1–13.1), 77.8 (95% CI: 66.3–89.4), and 12.6 (95% CI: 7.2–18.0) cases per million pregnant women vaccinated, respectively. . Thus, a synergistic fetal toxicity likely resulted from the administration of both the pandemic (A-H1N1) and seasonal influenza vaccines during the 2009/2010 season. It appears the multifold rise in miscarriages was primarily in women who received both vaccines, not specifically H1N1, according to the conclusion in the abstract on the web site.  We do know that women who suffer the flu during pregnancy have a slight increase in autism…

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Why You Need Folic Acid in Your Pregnancy Diet

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What is Folic Acid? Folic acid is one of the B vitamins that occurs naturally in foods, like legumes, oranges, papayas, broccoli, spinach, cauliflower, asparagus, greens, dark lettuce and eggs. Foods high in folic acid are also high in other important vitamins and minerals. Folic acid is necessary for the growth of new cells. What Are the Benefits of Taking Folic Acid During Pregnancy? There are some important advantages that result from taking folic acid: It enhances fertility – In a study released in 2006,  American researchers reported their findings after having followed the progress of 18,500 nurses who planned to become pregnant over an eight-year period in the 1990s. The researchers evaluated the nurses’ diets including whether or not they took vitamin supplements. They found that the nurses taking multivitamins with folic acid six days a week or more had a 40 percent reduced risk of ovulation failure, a…

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Frequent Urination

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During delivery, your body will lose a lot of fluid.  This fluid is represented by your amniotic fluid and the placenta.  In preparation for this, you naturally hold on to more fluids.  Some of this is stored in your legs and when you lay down at night that fluid leaves the legs and comes back to your blood where it is processed by your kidneys.  This causes frequent urination at night.  You will also have increased thirst during the day.  Again, this is a way for your body to prepare for delivery.  Since you are thirsty and drink more water, you will typically urinate more.   Lastly, during the last trimester, the pregnant uterus is pressing on your bladder making it smaller so it holds less urine.  Fortunately, frequent urination resolves quickly, usually within a week after delivery.

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What if you drink during pregnancy?

I Drank Alcohol Before I Knew I Was Pregnant. Should I Be Worried?

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Should I Be Worried About My Baby’s Development Because I Drank Alcohol Before I Knew I Was Pregnant? This issue has caused a lot debate in the medical community. The position of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has been and continues to remain that “no amount of alcohol consumption can be considered safe during pregnancy” in spite of any research to the contrary. That’s because drinking while pregnant is a well known cause of mental retardation and birth defects. In addition, using alcohol during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and stillbirth. “The bottom line according to ACOG: Women should avoid alcohol entirely while pregnant or trying to conceive because damage can occur in the earliest weeks of pregnancy, even before a woman knows that she is pregnant.” Is There Any Medical Association That Believes That Having Used Alcohol Before Knowing You Were Pregnant…

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How Do I Know If I’m Having Contractions?

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What are the different types of contractions? The first type of contraction you will experience during your pregnancy is Braxton-Hicks, or what is known as false labor. This type of contraction causes the cervix to become softer and thinner, making it easier for the baby to pass through during delivery. Braxton-Hicks contractions become more frequent in the weeks before your delivery date. You can tell if you are experiencing a Braxton-Hicks contraction if: You feel your uterus muscles becoming tightened at odd times or you get a squeezing feeling in your lower abdomen. The contractions range from a painless tightening to extremely painful. The contractions don’t follow a pattern. They come and go unexpectedly in the afternoon or evening. On the other hand, true labor contractions, which indicate that the birth process had begun, follow a regular pattern, start at the back and move to the lower abdomen, are from…

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Sex Drive Changes

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Typically, women will experience a diminished sex drive during their first trimester.  In part they may feel a little bit ill with nausea.  Typically, the sex drive returns in the second trimester as you start to feel better.   Sex is certainly safe during pregnancy and it leads to increased feelings of self esteem and love.  Although the frequency of sex between partners may decrease between the second and third trimesters, it can still be enjoyed on a regular basis.  During the last trimester it is usually easier for the woman to be on top.

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Moods Changes

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There are a variety of reasons for your mood to become more fragile during pregnancy.  First, there are always the hormones.  They have a profound influence on your brain and can affect how you feel emotionally.  There is also the very real concern about having another mouth to feed and caring for a young child.  It’s obviously very joyful, but it can also be stressful.  The combination of hormones and real everyday worries can result in both depression and anxiety.  There are very good ways to treat this.  Your prenatal vitamins help stabilize moods, so does exercise.  Talking to friends and loved ones is key.   Counseling is very beneficial and effective. Prescription medications are rarely needed.  Getting outside during the day and letting the sun shine on your face can help with seasonal affective disorders and lift your spirits.  Support groups and exercise classes are also very helpful.

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What is the Best Sleep Position in Pregnancy?

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Pregnancy changes a young mother’s body dramatically for nine months.  These changes come as a result of elevated hormones, the placenta, and the baby growing rapidly within the womb. These changes in your body can make it difficult for an expecting mother to sleep. This leads many pregnant women to ask, “What is the best sleep position in pregnancy?” An example of your child’s growth affecting your sleep pattern is during your second trimester. At this time, your uterus is large enough to put pressure on other organs within your pelvis.  If the baby’s head rests on your sciatic nerve you can get pain down the leg called sciatica.  The baby’s body and uterus can also put pressure on the large blood vessel returning blood from your legs and pelvis.  This blood vessel is called the “venae cava”. Sleeping On Your Back Has Risks If your preferred sleep position during…

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Heartburn

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Heartburn can be a problem during pregnancy.  Your hormones relax the ring of muscle at the bottom of your esophagus that keeps the food in your stomach.  The food rises into the esophagus and gives you heartburn.  Once this ring of muscle, or sphincter, is relaxed, heartburn is more common.  Also as the baby and uterus enlarge during the last trimester, they will displace your stomach, leading to the food coming back up into your esophagus. You can temporarily neutralize the heartburn with antacid calcium carbonate pills. Just drinking any form of liquid will help reduce the acid coming out of your stomach.  Probiotics, the beneficial bacteria in yogurt, can help protect your stomach and esophagus from heartburn.  Avoid eating high fat foods that are difficult to digest.  Another solution is to avoid foods high in acid such as vinegar, soda pop and lemons.  Sleep on your left side with…

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